Course Grading methodology is the central theory that drives assessment of learners using learners. Grading is optional for every course and depends on whether the course provider wants to grade the course or not. Assignments, Projects, Extra Credits are the elements that can be used by a course provider to grade learners while Quiz can be used to test concepts while eaching lessons as a self-learning model.

Complexity: Every grading element i.e. Assignment, Project and Extra Credit has a complexity that is provided by the course provider as Simple, Moderately Simple and Complex.

Complexity Multiplier: In the Grading Engine, course provider can quantify the complexity as a number called “Complexity Multiplier” in the increasing order of magnitude from simple to moderately simple to complex. For example, Complexity Multiplier can be 1, 2, 3 respectively for simple, moderately simple, complex respectively in one instance where as it can be 2, 4, 8 OR 10, 15, 20 or any number which the course provider determines relative to all other assignments and projects.

Maximum Score: In the grading engine, Maximum Score is the product of Complexity Multiplier times the number of Assignments for the number of assignments available. Consider an example: If for a particular module, there are 3 assignments such that 1 is complex and 2 are moderately simple; Complexity Multiplier is 10, 20, 30 for Simple, Moderately Simple and Complex; the Maximum Score for Simple is 0 as there are no simple assignments, the Maximum Score for Moderately Simple is 20*2 = 40, while the Maximum Score for Complex is 30*1=30.

Module Maximum Score: For a particular Course Module or Project or Extra Credits, Module Maximum Score is the sum of all Simple, Moderately Simple and Complex grading elements.

Grand Total: It is the Maximum Score for the entire course including Assignments, Projects and Extra Credits. A learner cannot get more than this score in the course on the best performance.

Grading Type: It is either the percentage score OR a Grading Scale defined by the percentages.

Minimum Passing: If the learner scores more than this number, then the candidate passes the course.

**Grading Examples:**

Course has the following contents:

Modules: Module 1 has 4 assignments – 1 Simple; 2 Moderately Simple; 1 Complex;

Module 2 has 1 assignment – 1 Moderately Simple

Project: 1 Complex Project

Extra Credits: 2 Simple Extra Credits

Refer the scenarios below to see how the course can be graded.

Scenario 1:

Course Module 1 – Complexity Multipliers are 10, 20, 30

Course Module 2 – Complexity Multipliers are 10, 20, 30

Project – Complexity Multipliers are 10, 20, 30

Extra Credits – Extra Credits have no complexity multipliers.

Course Module 1: Module Maximum Score is 10*1+20*2+30*1 = 80

Course Module 2: Module Maximum Score is 1*20 = 20

Project: Module Maximum Score is 1*30 = 30

Extra Credits: Module Maximum Score is 20 as entered by the user

Grand Total is: 80 + 20 + 30 + 20 = 150

Grading Method can be:

Percentage: where percentage is calculated as (Candidate Score)/(Grand Total) * 100

Grade: where the grade corresponding to percentages can be defines in the table provided

Course Provider can set minimum passing as 35% or 50% or any number of their choice

Scenario 2:

Course Module 1 – Complexity Multipliers are 2, 4, 6

Course Module 2 – Complexity Multipliers are 2, 4, 6

Project – Complexity Multipliers are 2, 4, 6

Extra Credits – Complexity Multipliers have no complexity multipliers

Course Module 1: Module Maximum Score is 2*1+4*2+6*1 = 16

Course Module 2: Module Maximum Score is 1*4 = 4

Project: Module Maximum Score is 1*6 = 6

Extra Credits: Module Maximum Score is 4 as entered by the user

Grand Total is : 16 + 4 + 6+ 4 = 30

Grading Method can be:

Percentage: where percentage is calculated as (Candidate Score)/(Grand Total) * 100

Grade: where the grade corresponding to percentages can be defines in the table provided

Course Provider can set minimum passing as 35% or 50% or any number of their choice

So, we can see that the same course can be assigned a completely different grading methodology by two different providers. You can also use a mix and match of complexity multipliers to get a different grading model.